Monday, November 5, 2012

Diabetes 101

In recognition of Diabetes Awareness Month, here are the basics of Diabetes.

What is Diabetes?

  • Diabetes affects the way your body uses food for energy.  
  • When you eat food, your body changes it into sugar.  
  • Your body also makes insulin.  
    • Insulin helps move the sugar from your blood into your body’s cells to be used for energy.
    • Your body normally keeps blood sugar and insulin in balance.
    • When you have diabetes, your body isn’t getting the energy it needs.

When your pancreas no longer produces insulin and the sugar cannot move in to the cells to become energy, you have TYPE 1 DIABETES. This type of Diabetes only affects 5-10% of people who have diabetes.

When your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin and/or cannot use it well enough to get the blood sugar into the body’s cells for energy, you have TYPE 2 DIABETES.

In both situations, blood glucose builds up in your body and can lead to serious health problems and premature death.

Risk factors for Type 2 Diabetes include:

  • Older Age
  • Obesity
  • Family History of diabetes
  • History of gestational diabetes
  • Impaired glucose tolerance
  • Physical inactivity
  • Race/ethnicity
    • African Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans, American Indians, and some Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders are at particularly high risk for Type 2 Diabetes.

Pre-diabetes is the stage that occurs before a person gets Type 2 Diabetes.  Blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed with diabetes. Over 79 million people have pre-diabetes (

How do you know if you have diabetes?
The common signs of diabetes are:

  • Feeling Tired
  • Urinating often
  • Being very thirsty
  • Feeling very hungry
  • Having blurry vision
  • Having an infection that does not go away
  • Having wounds or sores that do not heal well
  • Possible weight loss

How will the doctor diagnose diabetes?
If your health care provider thinks you may have diabetes, there are some blood tests available to find out for sure.

  1. FASTING BLOOD SUGAR—prior to this test, you should not eat for 8-10 hours. A person without diabetes will have a fasting blood sugar between 70-99mg/dl.  A person with pre-diabetes will have a fasting blood sugar between 100-125 mg/dl.  A person with diabetes will have a fasting blood sugar of 126 mg/dl or greater. 
  2. ORAL GLUCOSE TOLERANCE TEST-- This test measures your body’s response to sugar.  You are given a drink with a very high amount of sugar.  Then your blood sugar levels are tested every 60 minutes for up to three hours.  The 2 hour reading is often used to diagnose diabetes.  
  3. HEMOGLOBIN A1C—This is a non-fasting blood test that measures the average blood sugar levels over a period of up to 3 months.

Why is it important to know if I have diabetes or not?  
If you have diabetes and do not control it, there are many complications that could become very serious.

  • Cardiac problems—Heart Attack
  • Kidney problems—Nephropathy
  • Nerve problems—Nerve Damage
  • Vision problems--Retinopathy
  • Circulatory problems—Heart Attack, Stroke
  • Amputations—Peripheral Arterial Disease
  • Stroke
  • Mouth and Gums—Gingivitis
  • Depression
  • Erectile Dysfunction 
  • Death

Diabetes affects the entire body. In order to control diabetes, you need to work on having a healthy lifestyle.  This may mean changing the way you eat and exercise.  Do not think of it as a "diet" but a lifestyle change.  Talk with your doctor to develop a care plan that is specifically for you.

Ways to control and prevent complications of diabetes include:

  • Eating healthy
  • Weight loss
  • Exercise
  • Taking care of your feet and eyes
  • Quitting tobacco
  • Regular visits with your healthcare provider
  • Relieve stress
  • Accept that you have diabetes
  • Set goals

Know your target numbers, keep your doctor appointments, learn what you can do to help manage your diabetes.

Grace C. Eaton, LPN
Nurse Panel Manager
PHMG Patient Centered Nursing Team
Diabetes Self-Management Support
Certified Smoking Cessation Instructor
PinnacleHealth FamilyCare of Lower Paxton


  1. Useful article, thank you for sharing the article!!!

    Website: giúp bạn giải đáp bash là gì hay bash idol là gì và nhiều thông tin hữu ích

  2. Maintain your health and care yourself by the specialists and maintain your beauty with Krave Beauty Discount Code, health and beauty that depends upon your environment and meal formation.

  3. Pinnacle Health Medical Group is one of the largest and professional medical network who always likes to have best SEO service and providing the best medical service to improve the health quality of the patients.

  4. Nice to be visiting your blog again, it has been months for me. Well this article that i've been waited for so long. I need this article to complete my assignment in the college, and it has same topic with your article. Thanks, great share. ProspectMedical

  5. It is where by liquor confidential gatherings, which might be convened by means of those who often also been in their normal circumstances or maybe include emerge from just one, write about the ordeals having different those who liquor dependency complications.AA Meeting Near Me

  6. Perfect work you have done, this site is really cool with excellent information. คาสิโนมือถือ

  7. It’s appropriate time to make some plans for the future and it’s time to be happy. I have read this post and if I could I desire to suggest you some interesting things or advice.


  8. You make so many great points here that I read your article a couple of times. Your views are in accordance with my own for the most part. This is great content for your readers. house removal liverpool

  9. Pinnacle Health Medical Group is a huge and professional medical network that is continuously looking for the best Web Design And Development Services and medical services to improve the health quality of its patients.

  10. Pinnacle Health Medical Group is a large and professional medical network that is always seeking for the best Logo Design Services and medical services to help its patients' health.

  11. Dr. Kakaria has been my doctor for many years. She was the only one who could pinpoint my issue and provide logo design company sound medical advice and therapy. My health has improved as a result of her, as has my daily life. She isn't going to give up until she has the answers. Words cannot describe my gratitude to her!

  12. Pinnacle Health Medical Group is a vast and professional medical network that is constantly looking for the best Book Writing Services and medical services to improve the health of its patients.

  13. Pinnacle Health Medical Group is a large and well-established medical network that is always on the lookout for the best Logo Design Services and medical services to help its patients improve their health.

  14. I am pleased that this article provided me with some important about glaucoma laser surgery information. Thank you so much for sharing it. Keep up the good work.

  15. I’m really glad I have found this information. Today bloggers publish only about gossips and internet and this is actually frustrating. A good web site with exciting content, this is what I need. Thanks for keeping this web site, I’ll be visiting it. Do you do newsletters? Cant find it.

  16. I am so happy to read this. This is the type of manual that needs to be given and not the random misinformation that’s at the other blogs. Appreciate your sharing this greatest doc.

  17. Just wish to say your article is as surprising. The clearness in your post is just great and i can assume you’re an expert on this subject. Well with your permission let me to grab your feed to keep up to date with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please carry on the rewarding work.

  18. I truly enjoyed this blog site page and where I found it. I anticipate investigating your site all the more completely later on. Property For Rent In Dubai

  19. I haven't examined something this exceptional in apparently for eternity. Both enchanting and informational, it is. Each person who read it, I'm sure, acquired lots of helpful information from it. Best Rolled Ice Cream Toronto

  20. Thanks for giving me this useful information in your blog bankruptcy lawyers in virginia beach. When your pancreas no longer produces insulin and the sugar cannot move in to the cells to become energy, It is really good and interesting. Keep sharing more useful blogs...

  21. I especially like the external practices you recommend individuals partake in to upgrade their flourishing and achievement. Keep up the magnificent work!

  22. Paid social media is a crucial tool in today's business world. It allows us to reach a wider audience and target specific demographics with precision. By investing in paid social media, we can increase brand awareness, drive website traffic, and ultimately, generate more leads and sales. If you haven't already considered paid social media as part of your marketing strategy, now is the time to do so. Don't miss out on the opportunity to take your business to the next level.

  23. It was exceptionally valuable! I've scarcely started, yet I'm realizing even more at this point! Esteem my appreciation and keep up the inconceivable work. Modern Website Design

  24. I like scrutinizing destinations that affect thought. You have my appreciation for enabling me to remark on this page moreover.

  25. It was extremely valuable! I've scarcely started, yet I'm realizing even more at this point! Esteem my appreciation and keep up the unbelievable work. Marketing Performance Agency

  26. I like examining objections that activate thought. You have my appreciation for drawing in me to comment on this page also. Desserts Cafe In Oshawa


  27. I absolutely love your blog and find almost all of your post’s to be exactly what I’m looking for.

  28. can you offer guest writers to write content in your case?

  29. I wouldn’t mind creating a post or elaborating on a number of the subjects you write concerning here. Again, awesome weblog!

  30. I like the helpful information you provide in your articles. I will bookmark your blog and check again here regularly.


  31. Nice! It's really good and awesome.. I’m thinking some of my readers might find a bit of this interesting.


  32. Hello, its pleasant post concerning media print, we all understand media is a fantastic source of information

  33. Amazing, Your blogs are really good and interesting. It is very great and informative. In both situations, blood glucose builds up in your body and can lead to serious health problems and premature death virginia bankruptcy means test. I got a lots of useful information in your blogs. Keeps sharing more useful information in your blogs..

  34. Unleash the power of storytelling with the best ghostwriting company. Our skilled writers seamlessly weave your ideas into compelling narratives, ensuring your vision is brought to life with creativity and precision. Whether for books, articles, or other projects, trust our experienced team for professional and confidential ghostwriting services. Choose the Best Ghostwriting Company to elevate your content and engage your audience with expertly crafted and impactful written works.

  35. เกมสล็อต pg สมัคร รับโบนัส โอกาสที่ดีที่จะเพลินกับประสบการณ์การเล่นสล็อตออนไลน์ PG SLOT ที่น่าดึงดูดรวมทั้งรับโบนัสที่มีมูลค่ามาก! นี้เป็นขั้นตอนกล้วยๆที่คุณจำเป็นต้องทำเพื่อไปสู่โลก

  36. commercial truck accident lawyers
    Diabetes 101 is a comprehensive guide for individuals seeking to understand and manage the condition of diabetes. It offers clear and accessible content that breaks down complex medical concepts into easily digestible information. The resource also includes practical tips and advice, empowering readers to take proactive steps towards better health. As someone affected by diabetes, the guide is both informative and reassuring, offering guidance and support in navigating the challenges of living with the condition. The emphasis on education and awareness in Diabetes 101 is commendable, helping to dispel myths and misconceptions and promote a proactive approach to management. Diabetes 101 serves as a valuable tool for both individuals affected by the condition and their caregivers, equipping readers with the knowledge and resources needed to effectively manage diabetes and lead healthier lives.

  37. Truly informative pos thanks for the update.
    Buy dermal fillers online