Monday, September 3, 2012

Influenza, the Basics


So, everyone is getting ready for “cold and flu” season. But what does that really mean? Well, we in the medical world generally find that to be the time between October and April. It’s the time of year when we see a large number of people who are coming in with symptoms that make us think…cold or flu? Well, for the vast majority, the answer is “cold." Fortunately, the flu is much less common. However, when you have the flu, the symptoms are much more intense and have many more complications associated with it. That’s why we get geared-up for flu season by recommending everyone gets their flu shot if they’re over the age of 6 months. Yes, that’s right…everyone. We used to recommend only the very old and very young get immunized but have found by expanding the number of people who are vaccinated, we are able to achieve lower rates of disease across all age groups, especially those age group extremes. It takes up to 3 weeks after you’re vaccinated for you to build up the immunity you need to face the flu in casual social contact and be able to fight it off.   

Now, what is influenza (or flu, as I’ll refer to it from here on out)?  Let’s start by saying it’s a virus. Sounds simple, but at the core of the issue is that it’s a virus.  That means no matter what antibiotic we throw at it, they’ll NEVER rid you of the flu. Antibiotics work on bacteria. That’s it. Not colds, not flu; that’s because they’re viruses and don’t respond to antibiotics. All we accomplish when we prescribe an antibiotic for flu (or a cold, for that matter) is to increase rates of resistant super-bacteria infections in our world (but that’s a blog to come, stay tuned). It’s also a very crafty virus. It has learned over the years that in order to survive in this world, it must change/mutate regularly. It does that by changing its makeup to keep our immune systems guessing. That’s why you can get the flu over and over and over again and your immune system will never be the wiser. That’s also why we need a new flu shot every year. 

Flu starts in Asia. It generally starts from an animal source and transmits to people. People then spread the virus from one to another and because of the magic of travel and technology in the 21st century, presto, it’s now on our doorsteps here in North America.Each year the flu shot is engineered based on major strains from the far east and mixed together to give you protection against multiple possible mutations it may have by the time it gets to us (yes, the flu can change itself within ONE flu season!). You have to remember the swine flu pandemic of 2009-2010 flu season; that was a great example of how flu spreads, but was also a great example of how large scale immunization efforts can stop such a spread. It also really helped advance the technology of flu shots. They’re leaner and meaner than ever; the immunity the shot provides lasts the full year, even beyond the usual flu season. That’s why we’ve already gotten flu shots under way for this flu season. Call your family doctor, internist or pediatrician. Chances are, they have their supply of flu shots in their offices. We sure do here at PinnacleHealth Medical Group

To answer a few very common questions…Yes, my children, husband and I all get our annual flu shots…and, NO, there is no flu in the flu shot! Many, many years ago there was but there hasn’t been any in the shot for a long time. What is it? It’s a manufactured copy of the virus that gives your immune system a peek to see what it looks like so when the real thing comes along, it will know and attack it in a more efficient way. The nasal influenza vaccine DOES have a sleeping version of the live virus so be aware of that when choosing your options. Even with this sleeping virus, a healthy person does a great job of handling it and those are the only people who are even eligible for the nasal vaccine. Talk to your healthcare provider about which one is best for you. We at PinnacleHealth Medical Group make a point to offer you with as many options as possible to provide you the personalized medical care you deserve.

The symptoms of flu are rather simple; runny nose, stuffy nose, cough, congestion, fever (that one is almost a deal-breaker and without it, the flu is not really a consideration—so be sure to check your temperature…with a thermometer!), body aches, sore throat, and sometimes diarrhea. To remind you, the cold has those symptoms as well. The major difference is the sudden onset of the flu (all/most symptoms hit you at once, generally within 12 hours of each other) and the fever over 100.4. The colds all have the same basic symptoms but are generally more gradual in their onset (starts with a tickle in the throat for a day, then runny nose for a day, then cough…and lingers 10 days or more), are much less intense and often without that higher fever. If you realize you have the flu and it’s been more than 48 hours of symptoms, available treatments aren’t going to work anymore.  Even if we do treat these flu episodes, the medication has only been shown to shorten the length of time you’re sick by 1 day. So unless you have major medical conditions, specifically lung disease, we don’t automatically treat the flu with the anti-viral medicines because the side effects (on you, the patient) and the virus (it can make the virus mutate faster) aren’t always worth that 1 day of symptom improvement. We mostly focus our efforts on making you more comfortable while you are fighting this virus off. Once we know flu is in our area, we don’t typically test for it and treat you based on symptoms alone.

I mentioned that flu has many complications. We worry not only about the flu itself but that the flu causes problems in its wake. The most concerning among these is pneumonia. A warning sign that the flu has become pneumonia is that after the typical 10 days of flu you start to feel better then suddenly start to get worse and spike a fever again (that is a temperature greater than 100.4—yes, take that temperature…the number itself means something!) and have cough and or chest/upper back pains.  Another complication we often see is a sinus infection. That too is generally something you notice once you start to feel better then feel worse again; the thing that points us in that direction is pain in the face and teeth. Ear infections can also be a secondary infection. If the ears are the bothersome issue and the temperatures start to climb again call your provider. You may need to be seen in order to see if these complications are why you aren’t getting better in the time period that’s usual for the flu. 

I’d say good luck navigating through cold and flu season, but with a little preparation and your health care provider involved with you along the way, you won’t need luck! PinnacleHealth Medical Group primary care offices are uniquely poised to be able to work with you in every step of this maze. Flu shots are here at PinnacleHealth Medical Group, so don’t wait…call your medical home today to schedule yourself and your family for this today!



Sandra Costa, DO, FAAFP
Heritage Family Medicine
Member, PinnacleHealth Medical Group

73 comments:

  1. Nice information. I’ve bookmarked your site, and I’m adding your RSS feeds to my Google account to get updates instantly.

    seo india
    india seo service company
    Hire Data Scientists

    ReplyDelete
  2. Thanks for sharing, nice post! Post really provice useful information!

    Áo khoác Đà Lạt chuyên sỉ và lẻ áo khoác Đà Lạt với giá ưu đãi. Luôn cập nhật mẫu mới chất lượng và dày ấm nhất kể cả với thời tiết lạnh giá các nước có du học sinh và xuất khẩu lao động. Áo khoác Đà Lạt mong được đồng hành cùng các bạn!!!!

    ReplyDelete
  3. The information you have posted is very useful. I really enjoy reading and also appreciate your work. Please keep inspiring more readers!
    virtual assistant
    website developer
    virtual assistant India
    software developer

    ReplyDelete
  4. Thanks for post.

    Please visit my website:
    chiasebaiviet.com hỗ trợ giải đáp thắc mắc thông tin - giá thuốc tốt nhất hiện nay.

    ReplyDelete
  5. To enjoy your sexual life in Dehradun, Book Our Escort girls and Spend a romantic Night. We are available 24*7 Hours for you.
    Dehradun Escorts | Call Girls in Dehradun | Escort Service in Dehradun

    ReplyDelete
  6. Our customers have the option to select the best escort girls according to their needs. We guarantee 100% satisfaction. You will enjoy the soft, kinky bodies of our hotties with complete enjoyment and pleasure. Our nainital escort girl are well-experienced and mature. They are familiar with all the factors that can make a man exotic and bring out his lustiness. It all comes down to your experience and how you present yourself before a man.
    nainital escort service
    haldwani escort service
    ramnagar escort service
    rudrapur escort service

    ReplyDelete
  7. If you're looking for an escort service in jaipur, you can relax and have a chat with any of the women. There are many escort girls available for this service. Each female will have her own style and approach to the job. You feel lonely and in need of someone to be with you. Clients who want a female who is patient and makes them feel happy. Clients will choose to take an escort girl in jaipur on a date. They will spend more time with her and she will be excited to have lots of fun.
    jaipur escort service
    jodhpur escort service
    udaipur escort service
    vaishali nagar escort service
    sodala escort service
    sindhi camp escort service
    khatipura escort service
    raja park escort service

    ReplyDelete
  8. Call girls in udaipur are available for the duration the day with the most amazing and highly arousing body rub administrations. These are just a few of the many ways you can connect with young and attractive divas anytime of the day to enjoy the best of both worlds and make your life more interesting.
    udaipur escort service
    goa escort service

    ReplyDelete
  9. Thanks for this blog it have very useful info. We have young models who offer b2b massaging. Call us at 9900607853 to book an appointment. Body to body spa near me

    ReplyDelete
  10. Spa69 is top most Body To Body Massage service provider which is kept privacy of customer in a good manner to give best top most types massages by expert therapists.
    Visit Massage in Bangalore

    ReplyDelete
  11. Think delicate lighting, relieving aromas, and 21-year-old specialists prepared to assist you with unwinding. We offer 20% markdown on all spa medicines to make your experience much more uncommon. Massage center near to me

    ReplyDelete
  12. Hello, this is Kavya. I am a Licensed Esthetician and Spa Owner in the New York Area. I have been providing spa services for over 6 years now. My goal is to make sure all of my clients leave feeling relaxed and refreshed! B2b spa near me

    ReplyDelete
  13. You can enjoy the beautiful spa facilities and many other benefits of being a valued member. call me now at 9945553561 Rati Spa centre bangalore.
    Body massage spa near me

    ReplyDelete
  14. We have over 10 years of experience as a spa. We are committed to providing the best body to body spa in Hyderabad, and we always go above and beyond your expectations. Body massage spa near me

    ReplyDelete

  15. So it’s the night of the big company party. Everybody’s showing up with their wives and girlfriends in adorable clothes. Nobody wants to show up alone to these events,Esc0rt in Jaipur

    ReplyDelete
  16. massage is a great way to relieve muscle pain, soreness, and tension. It doesn’t matter whether this pain was caused by physical or mental stress, the massage will work it out for you.

    Visit b2b massage near me

    ReplyDelete
  17. Relax and treat yourself to this service full body spa in bangalore when you're feeling tense.Give your muscles some extra attention during the day when you can't get in a workout.Works fast for immediate relief

    ReplyDelete
  18. Lish Spa is an award successful spa service provider located in Bangalore. We provide a variety of treatments for male and Female clients like Massage and Traditional Ayurvedic Treatments, Facials , and Body Scrubs. Our professional therapists will ensure that your visit to the salon an unforgettable body massage in bangalore experience through providing individualized treatments that cater to the specific needs of your.

    ReplyDelete
  19. we are providing a good services in city

    ReplyDelete
  20. Recipe in Hindi is a website that provides information about cooking recipes with easy step-by-step instructions. This site provides everything from different types of Maharashtrian dishes to North Indian and South Indian dishes.
    Recipe in Hindi |
    Pav Bhaji Recipe in Hindi |
    Poha Recipe in Hindi |
    Shahi Paneer Recipe in Hindi |
    Online magazine

    ReplyDelete
  21. Now get you world class spa therapies in marathahalli.We give you private massage services like female to male, thai massage in best prices.Assured 100% satisfied service in our spa.

    Visit Female to male spa in marathahalli

    ReplyDelete
  22. We are here to share the happiest news to spa lovers that we bella spa going to provide top most nuru massage services by female therapist visit now.

    Visit nuru massage in Bangalore

    ReplyDelete
  23. Zongaroo is a premium online magazine based in India. It covers technology, business, entertainment, and lifestyle. The website is a hub of high-quality articles.

    Online Magazine |
    Shivaji Maharaj |
    Amrita Pritam |
    Swami Vivekananda I
    spice-money I
    /meesho-seller I
    kisan-samman-nidhi-yojana I

    ReplyDelete
  24. Overtræk med overdækkede sømme
    Beskyttelsesovertræk i ikke-vævet SMS med ankler, ansigt, håndled og elastik i taljen for at justere størrelsen. Også med selvklæbende klap for bedre lukning forfra.
    Type 5 & 6 med fuld overensstemmelse med klassificering i henhold til EN 14325
    Materiale: SMS 100% polypropylen 50 g / m2
    Størrelse: L-XL-XXL-XXXL
    Farve: Blå, Rød, Hvid Sæt undertøj Bomuld sommerasbest

    ReplyDelete
  25. Schutzhülle mit elastischen Knöcheln, Gesicht, Manschetten und Bund zur Größenanpassung. Auch mit selbstklebender Klappe für besseren Verschluss vorne.
    Typ 5 & 6 mit vollständiger Übereinstimmung mit der Klassifizierung gemäß EN 14325

    Material: SMS 100% Polypropylen 50 g / m2
    Verfügbare Farben: weiß
    Größe: XL-XXL
    Verpackung: 50 Stück
    Preis: 1,95 € Einweg Overall Blau

    ReplyDelete
  26. Car accident lawyer at Neinstein is experienced in handling car accident claims in Canada and global for clients such as students, tourists, expatriate workers or foreign citizens. Visit website for more details.
    Car accident lawyer

    ReplyDelete
  27. Slip and fall accidents can arise in cases of wet floors without warning signs and other instances. Also in this group, trip and fall injuries can likewise occur from poor property maintenance issues such as cracked sidewalks, torn carpeting, and broken grounds.

    Slip and Fall Lawyer Toronto easily create In these instances, wounded are at risk of sustaining serious injuries that may require surgery, costly medical rehabilitation or attendant care. In extreme cases, these accidents can even lead to permanent disability. As well, these injuries may force victims to take an unpaid leave of absence from work while they recover, causing undue financial stress.

    ReplyDelete
  28. You justify justice, and when people don’t stand by the law, they deserve to pay for their errors. With over many years in the legal field, intellect lawyer is your results-based personal injury lawyer Calgary. You can trust his established track greatest to advocate for your human rights and achieve maximum recompense for your claim. Plus, with experience in all types of personal injuries from TMJ and orthopedic to bicycle accidents and dog bites, we consume the right knowhow to denote your interests. Finally, we offer free discussions for all new clients because we trust that every injury permits fair and just representation.

    https://intellectlawyer.com/personal-injury-lawyer-calgary/

    ReplyDelete
  29. Our brain injury lawyers will work industriously to ease your stress during the recovery procedure by protecting your human rights and advocating on your behalf.

    You may be surprised to learn that many Canadians suffer from a brain injury each year, with additional than more of those injuries happening in Ontario. The overwhelming impact of brain injuries can melodramatically alter not only the victim’s life but their family’s as well. If you or someone you know has suffered a brain injury accident, it is important to seek diagnosis and medical treatment as soon as possible to avoid long-term or enduring damage.
    https://intellectlawyer.com/brain-injury-lawyer-toronto/

    ReplyDelete
  30. This new Campaing Australia is just the first step in a long-term strategy to restart tourism to Australia,

    Australia has seen approximately of the greatest ground-breaking, tempting, and impactful marketing movements produced every year.As in an environment that has not fairly gone back to business-as-usual, it is important for brands to craft campaigns that are targeted, pertinent, and will drive supreme impact. Hence, it is worth looking back at some of the best marketing campaigns that have been produced by Australia.

    https://www.campsaustraliawide.com

    ReplyDelete
  31. You've originate to the right place also search best Polish Lawyer Mississauga. If you or a loved one needs a lawyer to handle a lawful matter, Lawyers Lookup can help you locate an attorney near you.


    https://www.willdavidson.ca/practice-areas/polski-adwokat-oakville-mississauga/

    ReplyDelete
  32. Kunzea Pain Relief Cream Active Herbal Products
    • great for bruises, sprains and strains
    • excellent for muscle aches and spasms
    • fantastic for bruising and reducing inflammation
    • used for treating muscle aches, joint pain and arthritis

    https://drkezchirolab.com/products/pain-relief-cream-trauma-relief

    ReplyDelete
  33. The passage explains what massage near me cardio is and how it's beneficial to the mind, body, and soul. Some of its benefits include exercises as well as massages which are performed by specialized massage therapists who will customize their services according to your needs.

    ReplyDelete
  34. Nice Blog. Thanks for sharing this information.
    From: counter flashing
    chimney flashing
    Roof Flashing
    <a href='https://9to5civil.com/best-flat-roof-coatings/">Best Flat roof coatings</a>

    ReplyDelete
  35. A Personal Injury Lawyer Sydney can also help with cases that might involve complicated insurance claims with insurance companies in certain Personal Injuries For cases like these, you need to know your rights.
    Moreover, there’s little reason why you shouldn’t seek out a personal injury lawyer.

    https://simplylead.com.au/personal-injury-lawyer-sydney/

    ReplyDelete
  36. Every Caplan Debt Solutions client receives the Caplan Cares guarantee: that we will do our utmost to understand your situation and help find a debt solution in a respectful manner.

    https://caplandebtsolutions.ca/

    ReplyDelete
  37. Debt Consolidation Winnipeg occurs when a person takes out a single loan to pay off a number of smaller debts. The idea is to replace multiple, high-interest debts with a single, unified or ‘consolidated’ loan. Contact Caplan Debt Solutions today if you are interested in discussing the mechanics, benefits, and pitfalls of debt consolidation.


    https://caplandebtsolutions.ca/debt-consolidation/

    ReplyDelete
  38. Cotton silk sarees are now readily available online, giving you all-in-one access to the latest styles and trends. our beautiful collection of plain, fancy, traditional, designer wear silk cotton sarees in various colours and prints

    The Indian saree occupational runs mostly on two main fabrics- silk and cotton. When the magnificence of silk is merged with the comfort of cotton
    The saffron saga also provides a combination of pure silk and cotton are woven together, giving life to a blissful
    .
    https://www.thesaffronsaga.com/collections/cotton-silk-sarees

    ReplyDelete
  39. Banarasi Blouse Design Silk Sarees, simple blouse patterns for banarasi silk sarees.
    banarasi blouse variety for the actual best in unique or latest Design Saree with blouse for women Wedding wear Traditional Saree
    Featuring beautiful Banarasi blouse designs by the saffron saga. These Banarasi blouses are perfect to be paired up with your favourite saree
    Queens Creation Traditional Ethnic Raw Silk Banarasi Sarees With Unstitched Blouse Design
    https://www.thesaffronsaga.com/collections/stitched-blouses

    ReplyDelete
  40. We are committed to quality and take car care seriously. Hire Affordable Car Repair Service in near me with Top Rated Garage. The mufflerman is a top and well-known car repair
    Mechanic near me

    ReplyDelete
  41. Top-notch service is our main car mechanic near me. Skilled technicians. Hands that understand cars well. Genuine spares. For long-lasting protection. Service warranty
    https://themufflerman.com/

    ReplyDelete
  42. The mufflerman tire repair shop near me offers a wide range of performance tyres for cars, off road tyre.
    https://themufflerman.com/vehicle-services/tires/

    ReplyDelete
  43. Cash for car Rockhampton Gladstone region, Vans, Utes, Trucks, 4x4, 4x4, SUV, All Makes, Models, Years, Any Conditions We Come To You And Pay Cash On The Spot Call Us Today,
    Come to us to have Cash For Cars Rockhampton. We will make sure that you are being paid to the maximum limits.

    https://simplylead.com.au/car-wreckers-gladstone/

    ReplyDelete
  44. Neinstein Car accident lawyer is a family-run firm, and we take pride in as long as our clients with the individual courtesy they merit. We capitalize ourselves fully in every case, bestowing our significant experience and resources to ensuring your rights are signified.

    https://neinstein.com/personal-injury-lawyers-areas-of-expertise/car-accident-lawyers

    ReplyDelete
  45. Call Neinstein Personal Injury lawyer Toronto nowadays to organize a free session with a trusted personal injury lawyer in Toronto
    You’ll get to know here which law firms have the best personal injury lawyers in Toronto, along with how to pick the right one for your case.
    https://neinstein.com/personal-injury-lawyers-areas-of-expertise/personal-injury-lawyers

    ReplyDelete
  46. Medical Malpractice lawyer toronto is help persons looking at to file a medical malpractice claim based in Toronto can help those looking to file a medical misconduct right
    Neinstein is an well-known top civil lawsuit law firm in Toronto known for its experience in medical malpractice claims and bringing results
    https://neinstein.com/personal-injury-lawyers-areas-of-expertise/medical-malpractice-lawyers

    ReplyDelete
  47. Due to the difficulty of birth injury lawsuits, it is important to hire a skilled medical malpractice attorney.
    The Birth Injury Lawyer at Neinstein has been helping injury victims get the compensation they deserve following an injury.
    https://neinstein.com/personal-injury-lawyers-areas-of-expertise/birth-injury-lawyers

    ReplyDelete
  48. Watching for a Personal Injury Lawyer Brampton? Our team in Brampton specializes in car accidents, slips and falls, and wrongful death.
    Neinstein personal injury lawyer in Brampton has been representing victims of serious motor vehicle accidents all across Brampton.
    https://neinstein.com/personal-injury-lawyers-brampton

    ReplyDelete
  49. If you are charged with sexual assault, you need the assistance of experienced and knowledgeable legal counsel to Sexual Offence Lawyer Winnipeg for legal representation
    https://simmondsassociates.ca/practiceareas/sexual-offence-lawyer-winnipeg/

    ReplyDelete
  50. BNN MARKET. Shopping & trade. A safe community to shop online.
    Welcome to the new bnn markets, Canada's definitive source for business news.
    https://baskinwealth.com/media-appearances/barry-schwartz-on-bnn-market-outlook-22/

    ReplyDelete
  51. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  52. Link& Crosslink Technologies a large bunch of experts Mobile App Development UAE , who are continuously looking at for the next big test. Our sympathy for the varying trends of the scientific world helps us break ahead of the opposition. We’ve seen businesses move from element and mortar to sites. We stood there when the digital transformation presented the kingdom of business mobile apps.

    https://linkandcrosslink.ae/services/mobile-app-development/

    ReplyDelete
  53. Personal injury lawyers also have years or decades of experience in knowing the ins and outs of the insurance claims process.
    https://neinstein.com/

    ReplyDelete
  54. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  55. Debt solutions Winnipeg occurs when a person takes out a single loan to pay off a number of smaller debts. The idea is to replace multiple, high-interest debts with a single, unified, or ‘consolidated’ loan.

    https://caplandebtsolutions.ca/debt-consolidation/

    ReplyDelete
  56. Caplan Debt Solutions offers the credit counselling Winnipeg residents trust. If you feel stressed out or concerned about your financial situation, Winnipeg Credit Counselingcould be right for you.


    https://caplandebtsolutions.ca/credit-counselling/

    ReplyDelete
  57. Bruce Caplan is a Licensed Insolvency Trustee with over 25 years of experience helping people and companies solve their debt problems. At Caplan help Insolvency Winnipeg, we trust that everyone must be treated with dignity and admiration.
    https://caplandebtsolutions.ca/

    ReplyDelete
  58. Dr. Kez Acupressure Mat Australia Recommendations. acupressure mat Australia. It is recommended that you start with a minimum of 10 minutes and increase the time by 5 minutes with each use until you reach 30-40 minutes. Of course, if you can handle more at the beginning, go for it! The longer you lay on the mat, the longer your body has to gain all the benefits. If you fall asleep, that is A-OK! Just remove the mat when you wake up. It is safe to use for longer periods.

    https://drkezchirolab.com/products/acupressure-mat-australia/

    ReplyDelete
  59. I am a highly experienced therapist with over three years of experience in my field, and I take pride in providing exceptional customer service to all of my clients. Body massage in HSR layouts

    ReplyDelete
  60. Pretty! This was a really wonderful article

    ReplyDelete
  61. Every Caplan Insolvency Winnipeg client receives the Caplan Cares guarantee: that we will do our utmost to understand your situation and help find a debt solution in a respectful manner. Our goal is to get debt off your mind and help you live a healthy, productive life.

    https://caplandebtsolutions.ca/

    ReplyDelete
  62. A Car Mechanic fixes vehicles and substitutes their parts for customers. Their responsibilities include repairing the vehicle's mechanical components, diagnosing glitches with cars performing maintenance work on them as well.

    https://themufflerman.com/

    ReplyDelete
  63. If you’re in need of car repair services in Strathroy, Ontario, or the surrounding region, look no further than our Strathroy location at 10 Metcalfe Street West! With locations across southern Ontario, The Mufflerman is the smart choice for automotive repair customers in Glencoe muffler shop, Alisa Craig, Watford, Parkhill, Lambton Shores, Mount Brydges,and beyond – in fact, we consider ourselves to be one of the best car repair shops in Strathroy region.

    https://themufflerman.com/locations/strathroy/

    ReplyDelete
  64. US Immigration lawyer, this is our knowhow. Call Today for Your Free Consultation. If you are afraid to go back to your home country, The Gaimmigration Lawyers legal team provides employers and employees with the latest and most appropriate immigration strategies.

    https://gaimmigrationlawyers.com/

    ReplyDelete
  65. Salesforce Service Providers: Salesforce has a plethora of products that come with their own set of attributes and standard features. From customer relationship management, account planning, time management to team collaboration, these products will strengthen your business, regardless of where you are in the adoption cycle.
    https://www.algoworks.com/consulting-services/salesforce-consulting-company/

    ReplyDelete